Smith-Rosenberg had argued that single- sex friendships among women were accepted by society in the nineteenth century and were not considered marks of deviance. As a result, homosexuality—particularly dealing with women—has been excluded because of symbolic annihilation. Anthon broke off their relationship the same month Dickinson entered self-imposed lifelong seclusion. These shows allowed homosexuality to be discussed clinically, with the main characters guiding troubled gay characters or correcting homophobic antagonists, while simultaneously comparing homosexuality to psychosis, criminal behavior, or drug use. Combining these populations in this way obscures differences among them. The focus of this debate often centers on a phenomenon named by sexologist Pepper Schwartz in
She found it "striking" that many women who had no lesbian experiences indicated they were interested in sex with women, particularly because the question was not asked.
The Literature of Lesbianism: Pink Blood: Outside their duties to bear sons to their husbands, women were perceived as having no sexuality at all. In the fourth season of BuffyTara and Willow admit their love for each other without any special fanfare and the relationship is treated as are the other romantic relationships on the show.
Collecting these detailed patient-level data, with adequate privacy and security protection as is needed for all data collected in electronic health records, could assist in identifying and addressing LGBT health disparities.