English 19th century opera is very heavily drawn from the "pastoral" form of the ballad opera, and traces even of the satiric kind can be found in the work of "serious" practitioners such as John Barnett. It is one of the watershed plays in Augustan drama and is the only example of the once thriving genre of satirical ballad opera to remain popular today. Archived from the original on 1 January Rakes, Highwaymen, and Pirates. Please try again later.
A later development, also often referred to as ballad opera, was a more "pastoral" form.
They plead with their fathers for Macheath's life. Fielding wrote some of the most success- ful and enduring ballad operas and thereby exerted much influence over his contemporaries. University of Chicago Press, Shapiro Cambridge, MA:
Macheath tells Lucy that Polly is crazy.