The decision to separate group identification and self-categorization was made on the basis of a principal components analysis, which revealed two distinct components. Participants indicated their agreement with eight statements on a scale ranging from 1 strongly disagree to 7 strongly agree. Packer4 Sharareh Noorbaloochi3 and Jay J. Social Science Research40 To do this, we needed to establish that religiosity is indeed positively related to opposition to same-sex marriage, and to understand the extent to which this relationship is explained by sexual prejudice. In our research, it is unclear whether sexual prejudice produced opposition to same-sex marriage in a downstream fashion, or whether opposition to same-sex marriage was itself a manifestation or component of sexual prejudice.
In Studies 4a and 4b, we more closely examined these processes, and saw that resistance to change was a more important factor than opposition to equality.
Regardless of which side of the fence you fall on, the more robust, rigorous and reliable information that is publicly available, the better. Gay marriage will pass. According to a prominent model of political ideology, the two core aspects of conservatism are resistance to change and opposition to equality Jost, ; Jost et al. Peer group contextual effects on homophobic and dominance attitudes. Attitudes toward same-sex marriage, and gay rights in general, may pose a psychological conflict for those who are intrinsically religious:
In light of current debates regarding the expansion of gay rights in several countries, including the United States, France, Ireland, Russia, and Australia, this research presents a timely investigation into the motivational underpinnings of religious opposition to same-sex marriage. Annual Review of Psychology64 In Studies 4a and 4b, we distinguished between the two core components of conservative ideology, resistance to change and opposition to equality, and tested whether the effect of the former is stronger than that of the latter. In Studies 1 and 2, we discovered that the relationship between religiosity and opposition to same-sex marriage was mediated by explicit sexual prejudice. Results Descriptive statistics are provided in Table A in the online supplement.