International Journal of Psychology46 5— Michael Rocke, Forbidden friendships: Not surprisingly, as gay men cannot fulfill traditional family responsibilities, many undoubtedly feel lonely and marginalized in mainstream Chinese family culture. The current research suggests that the scores on discrepancy in gay self-identification were negatively correlated with IHN. Internalized homophobia was related positively to the extent of a sense of loneliness and negatively to self-evaluation and the discrepancy in self-identification as a gay man.
The item invited each respondent to evaluate himself based on an integration of all aspects of his life and to rate his evaluation from 0 totally negative to 10 totally positive.
History of homosexuality
Second, this research identifies a correlation between scores of Chinese internalized homophobia and psychosocial problems. Declaration of Conflicting Interests: Perceived sense of loneliness One item tested the perceived sense of loneliness; the item was rated from 0 completely normal to 10 very negative. University of Chicago Press. The short internalized homonegativity scale: Through the medieval period, homosexuality was generally condemned and thought to be the moral of the story of Sodom and Gomorrah. Religious attitudes, internalized homophobia, and identity in gay and lesbian adults.